Sunday, 12 February 2012

Energy Crises

Energy Crises

Energy is believed to be life line of any economy and most essential instrument of socioeconomic growth of a country. Energy is fundamental in running machinery in factories and industrial units, for lighting our cities and powering our vehicles etc.

Pakistan has been facing an unprecedented energy crisis since the last few years. The problem becomes more severe during summers. During the peak crisis there was a power outage of 3-4 hours every day. Those without generators and UPS faced tremendous problems. The prices of both continued to increase due to a sharp increase in their demand.

Pakistan’s energy crisis traces its roots to the following reasons:
Growing Energy Demand, over the years there is greater need of energy because of increase in population. Enhancement in lifestyle, industrial and agricultural growth, greater transportation needs, and Lack of proactive and integrated planning for production of energy.

Pakistan has had extensive potentials to tap energy, however, due to lack of any integrated, proactive planning, very few number of power producing plant were installed to meet future demands. Subsequently, over the years, the gap between energy demand and supply drastically grew.

Adequate availability of inexpensive energy is the most important demand of today. Economic growth and industrialization both are dependent on the availability of energy. But today the problem is that world energy sources are fast depleting and this fast depleting energy resources have put the world in a grip of energy crisis so this is the time to take steps to conserve the non-renewable sources energy and also find the alternative sources of energy or another way is to tap or harness the solar energy.

Consequences of Energy Crisis :
*Economic Factors: Energy is instrumental for running all other resources and crisis of energy directly effects all other sectors of the economy.
*Agriculture Sector: Agricultural productivity of Pakistan is decreasing due to stipulation of energy for running agricultural machinery, tube wells and production of pesticides and fertilizers.
*Industrial Sector: Almost all Industrial units are run with the breakage in energy supply and energy is having terrible consequences on industrial growth.
*Unemployment: By closing of industrial units and less agricultural productivity, new employment opportunities have ceased to exist and already employed manpower is torn by the employers to increase their profit ratios.
*Social Issues: This factor causes frustration and   unrest   among the people and it results in agitation against the government.
*Poverty: Declination in economic growth, unemployment, lower agricultural productivity and shackling industrial growth result in increasing poverty. Ample control of energy crisis will surely yield in curbing the nuisance of poverty. 

Energy crisis can be reduced by:
-Unnecessary reduction energy use.
-Using of electricity saving devices.
-Energy Saving Awareness campaign.
-Reduction in needless transportations by developing good public transport systems and strengthening Pakistan railways.
-Reduction in industrial uses with installation of effective equipment, energy efficient and with increasing efficiency of workforce.
-Decreasing reliance on rental power projects, instead of doing any good, they are increasing the prices of electricity.
-Decreasing line losses by using cost effective power transmission cables.
-Development of new energy resources.
-Tapping Thar coal resources.
-Using renewable resources by constructing new dams and hydro power plants(water).
-Import of natural gas by Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India and Iran Pakistan India pipelines .
-Import of electricity from Tajikistan -through Pak Tajikistan Afghan transmission- and Iran pipelines.

 Energy Crisis has, more or less, overwhelmed all sectors of Pakistan’s machinery ranging from agriculture to social life, economy to industry, inflation to poverty and it is hindering national progress in a drastic manner. Nevertheless, menace of energy crisis can be overcome by the government by making effective policies and its proactive implementation. Similarly, it is the responsibility of the people of Pakistan, to utilize the available energy intelligently and wisely to play a due role for progress of the country. 

1 comment:

  1. Thanks for posting this! I'm trying to find information on Electricity Saving Devices and this has definitely helped me in this process.