Monday, 25 April 2016

The World as I See It: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

According to Einstein, what is the aim of life?
Albert Einstein’s article The World as I See It throws light on various aspects in human life. The aim of life is not mentioned directly in the article. What we conclude that one man should be humble enough to pay back for what he has already received. The love for fellow men, equality, social responsibility, democracy and knowledge, are the main points on which he emphasizes. According to Einstein, the main goal or aim in life is to investigate, discover and explore and in doing this one must adhere to the rules of good and truth. Trying to comprehend the tiniest portion of the universe is the main goal of human being. Running after wealth, property and luxury is always seemed to him hateful.

What is Albert Einstein's view towards war?
Einstein believes that war is the most hateful thing. He would rather be cut to pieces than take part in such an evil. He believes that human nature is always against war, and this curse would have disappeared from the world long ago if politicians had not propagated in favour of it to achieve their goals. In his view the greatest agencies working for the propaganda have been the educational institutions and the press, which are controlled by war-mongers.  

On what grounds does Einstein put the individual before the state?
Einstein considers a creative individual to be more important than state. An individual who feels and understands things can create the noble and the sublime. According to him, a group as a whole always remains dull in thought and dull in feeling. So according to him an individual is more important than a large group.

What is Einstein's attitude to property, outward success and luxury?
Einstein attitude towards property, outward success and luxury is that of hatred. He considers them ordinary objects. He believes that simple life is the best. He thinks that man becomes indebted to others for the luxuries he enjoys. There is no need to acquire much property or wealth. There is no need to impress others with success and glory. The life of satisfaction is the true life. So the use of luxury and comforts is not important. Wanting property, fame and luxury should not be the ends for ones objectives. Einstein abhors them a good deal and he even considers them inhuman.

What does Einstein appear to regard as the most precious element in human experience? Elucidate.
Einstein regards mysterious to be the fairest thing that a man can experience. Things shrouded in mystery initiates the instinct to explore and unfold the untold. Man is curious by nature. He desires to know what is hidden from him. True art and sciences are the result of man's desire and efforts to explore the mysteries of nature. This very experience gives birth to religion.

What, in brief, is Einstein's attitude to leadership?
Einstein believes in healthy leadership. He says that people should be free to choose their own leaders. Leadership should not be forced upon people because force only attracts people of low morality. He puts his faith in the system that prevails in the USA, and he opposes the system that prevails in Italy and Russia. The system to be able to elect one's own leader freely is true democracy.

What leads Einstein to feel a strong sense of duty towards his fellow-men?
Einstein believes that man in this world is for a short period, and he is here for his fellow-men.  Man's inner and outer life largely depends upon the efforts of other men, dead and living. So man is indebted to them. It is this feeling of being indebted to others that leads him to feel a strong sense of duty towards his fellow-men.  He thinks that man should repay them in the same measure as he has received, and is still receiving, so that the circle of life continues to go on. He is in favour of leading a simple life so that he does not exert an unnecessary amount of labour upon his fellow-men.

“What an extra ordinary situation is that of us mortals! Each of us is here for a brief sojourn; for what purpose he knows not, though sometimes thinks he feels it. But from the point of view of daily life, without going deeper, we exist for our fellow men – in the first place for those on whose smiles and welfare all our happiness depends, and next for all those unknown to us personally with whose destinies we are bound up by the tie of sympathy.”
Explain the lines.
These are the opening lines of the essay. Einstein observes about the brief span of time which man is given to lead his life. He opines that the purpose of man’s existence remains an ever confusing mystery. He is always unaware of the purpose he came to the earth. Taking into account an important fact that others have contributed so much to his life, he too should serve them by his own efforts. This makes one believe is the bond of humanitarianism. It evokes the fellow feelings and motivates one to create something great which can benefit not only to his dear and near ones but a large part of humanity enjoys the fruits of his struggle and hardships.

Explain the lines,
“I am strongly drawn to the simple life and am often oppressed by the feeling that I am engrossing an unnecessary amount of the labour of my fellow-men. I regard class difference as contrary to justice and in the last resort, based on force. I also consider that plain living is good for everybody, physically and mentally.”
In the lines, the author expresses his inclination towards simple living. He mentions that it is good physically and spiritually. He criticizes luxurious way of living and states that the luxuries of life corrupt one’s mind and lead him to lethargy and sluggishness. This inactive mode of life drives to intellectual stagnation. This nourishes mental blockage in the nation and paralyses its capabilities to meet difficult situations. The author furthermore describes that he feels utterly regretted that he always enjoyed the fruits of other’s labours. He expresses his contempt about the prevailing and ever widening gap between the haves and the have nots. He shows his extreme dislike against this class distinction which is unjust and based on sheer force.

Explain the lines,
“The fairest thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science. He knows it not and can no longer wonder, no longer feel amazement, is as good as dead, a snuffed-out candle.”
In the lines Einstein observes one of the important aspects of human existence and this is the experience of the “mysterious”. He describes that man by his instinct is curious. He longs for having awareness of those unknown objects and regions which are beyond his approach. This thirst for knowledge proved driving force that man has unfolded various secrets of the universe.

What are Einstein’s view regarding Democracy?
Einstein considered himself a pacifist and humanitarian, and in later years, a committed democratic socialist. He disapproved of the totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union and elsewhere, and argued in favor of a democratic socialist system which would combine a planned economy with a deep respect for human rights. Einstein was a co-founder of the liberal German Democratic Party. Einstein was very much involved in the Civil Rights movement. Einstein was quoted as saying that "racism is America's greatest disease". Einstein opposed tyrannical forms of government and for this reason, opposed the Nazi regime and fled Germany shortly after it came to power.
“My political ideal is democracy.  Let every man be respected as an individual and no man idolized.”

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